Le tecniche per la correzione della calvizie includono la restrizione dello scalpo, taglio del cuoio capelluto ( FUT ), e l'estrazione di unità follicolari ( FUE ).
La procedura di trapianto di capelli via FUE possono essere suddivise in 3 fasi: l'estrazione , incisioni e l'impianto degli innesti follicolari.
La FUE è un metodo di prelievo degli innesti. E’ la tecnica più recente e innovativa nel campo della chirurgia ricostruttiva dei capelli.
Con questo metodo è possibile estrarre un gran numero di unità follicolari nell’arco di una sola giornata, assicurando una ricrescita ottimale e una migliore tolleranza nei pazienti, il tutto senza lasciare alcun segno visibile.
Ciascun’unità follicolare individuale è prelevata direttamente dal cuoio capelluto, piuttosto che da una striscia di tessuto donatore.
Inizialmente, la FUE veniva praticata manualmente utilizzando punch manuali. Per l’estrazione delle singole unità follicolari vengono utilizzate diverse tipologie di punch. Generalmente, i pazienti idonei al ripristino dei capelli possono sottoporsi al trattamento FUE.
Un paziente non-idoneo a un prelievo di strip può comunque ottenere dei buoni risultati con la FUE.
› invisibili anche a testa rasata (capello <2 mm); › nessuna sutura, nessuna cicatrice lineare; › tempi di guarigione ridotti, ripresa più confortevole; › minor dolore post-operatorio; › poche restrizioni sulle attività post-operatorie; › un’alternativa praticabile per persone con il cuoio capelluto eccessivamente aderente all’osso; › maggiore estensione dell’area donante; › raccomandabile per pazienti che hanno bisogno solo di un numero limitato di unità follicolari; › ideale per coprire cicatrici in area donante; › applicabile anche a chi non possiede una zona donante folta; › rimozione di micro e minigrafts (plug-in); › rimozione dall’attaccatura di grafts indesiderate; › prelievo di peli corporei; › nessuna distorsione dell’angolo di ricrescita dei capelli;
Il processo richiede conoscenze approfondite, pazienza, resistenza fisica, una mano delicata, eccellente coordinazione mano-occhi e una buona manualità.
Come qualsiasi altro tipo d’intervento chirurgico, la FUE può essere eseguita in modo ottimale o malamente.
Per dirla semplicemente, protegge l’area donatrice e fornisce innesti di ottima qualità.
Utilizziamo la nostra tecnica assolutamente originale, la tecnica sequenziale (DES)
L’obiettivo é di ottenere un aspetto omogeneo su tutta la testa. Per raggiungere questo risultato, la cosa migliore è fare uso in sequenza casuale di ogni zona dell’area donante. Anche a seguito di svariate sessioni, la ridotta foltezza dell’area donante è visibile solo dopo un attento esame.
Il cranio può presentare diversi contorni e forme, con variazione della direzione e inclinazione del capello. Con l’ingrandimento e il tatto è possibile cogliere, sia visivamente sia mentalmente, le sottili sfumature della pelle e le caratteristiche dei capelli, per poi estrarre l’unità follicolare con precisione. Secondo i parametri dei follicoli estratti, qualsiasi disposizione può essere realizzata puntualmente. Questo passo fondamentale è tralasciato in assenza di feedback immediato.
Una mega sessione è un intervento chirurgico volto ad innestare una grande quantità di follicoli in una sola seduta. Abbiamo avuto grandi successi con le mega sessioni.
I vantaggi della mega sessione sono: risultati più rapidi, e la convenienza di richiedere un’unica seduta piuttosto che ripeterla.
Perché l’intervento riesca, bisogna possedere la capacità di gestire l’utilizzo di aperture microscopiche e particolari tecniche d’innesto con l’ausilio di lenti ad alta potenza d’ingrandimento. I pazienti vanno selezionati con la massima cura. È indispensabile un adeguato controllo della qualità e un’equipe medica esperta e ben organizzata.
Con le incisioni è possibile controllare la direzione di crescita, angolazione, distanza e profondità dei capelli, permettendo al chirurgo di dar vita e forma ad un look naturale.
Le incisioni possono essere parallele o laterali. Quelle eseguite perpendicolarmente alla direzione di crescita dei capelli sono definite laterali. Quelle eseguite parallelamente sono definite sagittali.
La tecnica laterale riproduce più fedelmente l’anatomia del cuoio capelluto. I capelli naturali variano dai 10° ai 90°. L’incisione laterale permette un controllo preciso dell’angolazione dell’innesto. La creazione di un numero maggiore di angoli acuti porta a una migliore copertura dell’aria diradata.
Praticando incisioni dalle dimensioni ridotte, è possibile ottenere una maggiore densità.
› Orientamento laterale; › Meno traumi ai tessuti; › Disposizione ravvicinata degli innesti; › Effetto rastremato; › Crea l’illusione di un volume ancora maggiore.
Hair transplantation is a surgical procedure that has solutions for baldness. Hair transplantation has been advanced by the recent technical developments.
When the hair may appear thinning and a person is experiencing the initial stages of baldness, it can be simply because of ageing and hormonal changes. In extreme cases, some diseases can leave hair follicles or the scalp so damaged that even hair transplantation is not possible. So, when someone is experiencing any early stage of hair loss it is necessary to seek medical treatment in order to fix the problem at its early stages.
Old Hair transplantation techniques consist of extracting a slice of skin with its own hair follicles from the occipital (back side of the head) areas of alopecia. This kind of technique is considered old and leaves scars after surgery. Thanks to new medical advancements and technologies, the latest techniques such as FUE allows the doctors to collect and separate the follicles from donor areas and the plant them one by one in the needed bald areas leaving visible scars or wounds with a fast recovery time after surgery.
Generally, Hair transplant surgery with FUE requires several hours of teamwork at the medical facility (approximately 8 hours), it is a completely safe surgery and it can be done under local anesthesia.
Generally, it takes approximately 14 days for newly implanted grafts to become secure after hair transplant. Meanwhile, in the first 14 days after having hair transplant, following doctors’ instructions in order to protect the planted grafts must be obeyed to make sure every graft will stay at its place harmless and ready to grow again.
The patient stay at home or in a medical institution, relax and limit his movements as much as possible until the next day after completing the control and hair first washing session.
Anti- inflammatory painkillers can be taken as it is prescribed by the doctor. The patient must not consume aspirin in the first week of surgery. However, any medicine must be taken according to the doctor’s instructions.
After the hair transplant session, swelling may occur. Swollenness typically starts appearing on the second day and lasts until the 5 day after the hair transplantation. This is a temporary phase and there will not be any lasting side effects.
The way of sleep after hair transplantation can affect the overall procedure outcome, the patient should sleep with his head elevated in 45 degrees (with the neck pillow provided by medical staff) after hair transplantation for the first 10 nights.
Many people require pain killer prescription for the nights after operation. These pain killers should be taken under supervision of the doctor.
After the hair transplant, the patient should stop physical activities, exercises, sexual contact and carrying heavy weights for one week to two weeks. For at least 21 days, high steam places and saunas bathes should be avoided. In general, on the second day after treatment, some people go back to practice light activities.
After the first day post op the hair is washed by a professional staff in ASMED Clinic. The bandage is taken off and the hair is washed with cool water and shampoo. The process of washing is showed to the patient and it will be repeated for the first 10 days once a day.
Alcoholic Beverages have a bad influence regarding the swelling and result after hair transplant and it should be avoided at least 5 days after hair transplant surgery.
Beside washing that must be done you can gently contact grafts with your fingertips, beginning 2-3 days after hair transplant.
The slight corrections in the Donor area with scissors can be done one month post op. In the recipient are it is necessary to wait to accomplish the 5th month post op to be able to proceed with shaving and cutting.
After the hair transplant surgery, it will only need 10-11 days for wounds and the presence of the crust to disappear entirely. After a hair transplant procedure, the hair from implanted grafts is mostly shed within the first month.
This shedding is completely normal and there is nothing to worry about. On average, healthy new hair begins to grow and replace the shed hair after the third month. By the 6th month, the new hair growth starts of the implanted follicles. The hairless area gets smaller with time and the real final result of the hair transplant is seen after the 12th month. Although it takes more than 1year to get the final result, the way the hair looks is never distracting during this period.
At Asmed hair transplant Turkey, our aim is to provide the highest level of medical care to our patient. We care about patient’s needs & requirements. We inform our patients in a very detailed way of how to proceed and what to do after hair transplant surgery day by day.
If you want to have more information about the procedure, book a consultation for hair transplant surgery and get the best answers from our expert medical team.
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